Class Portal Login

Click on the above to log onto the class portal to access recorded video sessions, course materal and weekly readings.
Bankcoin Reserve at Wyith

Click on the above to log onto the Bankcoin Reserve at Wyith (BCR@W) network to operate on your account and access other related functions.
Established in June 1992 and spun off in mid-2003 as an independent operation, Wyith Institute™ is committed to meeting with the ever-changing needs of the working learners in order to transform them into knowledge bearers necessary for the sustained development of the world. The Institute also provides online communication analytics, business intelligence and applications design, knowledge discovery and its related management, and various training services.

Research at Wyith Institute™ is interdisciplinary in nature. We focus on the creative extraction of information from raw data and derive from it useful intelligence for the benefit of humanity.

TCM Objects Database

Classification of theories and introduction to the use of traditional chinese medicines. Visit

Blockchain & Cryptos

Backed by multiple patents, the Institute is developing the first crypto-currency exchange platform with guaranteed interest. Login

Disaster-proof DNSes

Boosts DNS services to its highest form of security, survivability and availability for mission critical infrastructures. Login

Culture & Corruption

Review on government anti-bribe strategies among different Southeast Asian countries through culture. Login

Maximizing Performance

Solutions for SME Internet service providers to maximize server performance while minimizing infrastructure costs. Login

Support Quality

Access our ongoing study about online customer behaviour churn rates on technical support quality issues. Login

Recent developments:

Jump to 2019 | more news from our News Center section

     back to top  

Dr Raymond Cheng as Keynote Speaker for 4th ICREMSS 2019, Subic Bay

Dr Raymond Cheng with participants of the 4th ICREMSS

Dr Raymond Cheng with participants of the 4th ICREMSS

Subic Bay, Philippines (November 25, 2019) – Organized by Asian Intellect for Academic Organization and Development, the 4th International Conference in Research, Education, Management and the Social Sciences (4th ICREMSS) was held at Subic Bay Travellers Hotel and Events Center from November 23 to 25, 2019. For a second time, Ms Julie Ferrer, the President of Asian Intellect and the Conference Chair, invited the highly sought-after resource speaker, Dr Raymond Cheng, CEO of Wyith Institute™, to be the keynote speaker. Dr Cheng talked about the modern trends on research, and its application to education, management and social sciences. He also tackled how Industrial Revolution 4.0 could greatly affect the trends and the way people see research and how the blockchain technology can help fuel the trend. Dr Cheng wowed the audience with his wit and knowledge on different fields of research and hence, made them ask for more conferences from the Chair, and of course, just as at the 2nd ICREMSS, participants again requested Dr Cheng to be the resource speaker in the coming conference. Attended the conference were educators and experts from different colleges and universities all over the Philippines.

Dr Raymond Cheng invited to 1st National Conference in Engineering, Science and Technology 2019 hosted by NEUST and UNP in Cabanatuan
Cabanatuan, Philippines (November 23, 2019) – Jointly organized by the Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology (NEUST) in Cabanatuan City and the University of Northern Philippines (UNP) in Benguet Province, the 1st National Conference in Engineering, Science and Technology 2019 was held from November 21st to 23rd, 2019 at NEUST Sumacab Campus in Cabanatuan City. Dr Raymond Cheng, the President and CEO of Wyith Institute™, was invited as the speaker for the conference. According to Vice President for Research, Extension and Training, Dr Rachael R Moralde, Dr Cheng was uninanimously chosen as the resource speaker and has passed with flying colors the scrutiny of the organizers of the conference. Dr Cheng talked about Wyith's award-winning blockchain technology as well as Industrial Revolution 4.0 as applied to engineering, science and technology, plus he also highlighted salient points on new mindsets as applicable to different engineering researches and how these can be utilized by engineers and academians, especially in state-owned colleges and universities which are running on meager resources and how these researches might fuel income generation. The national conference was participated in by engineering professors, professional engineers and academicians from different colleges and universities in the Philippines. The conference ended with photo taking session with the resource speaker and awarding of certificates.

Established in 1908, NEUST is located in Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija, and is one of the largest state universities in Central Luzon, the Philippines. It has 6 campuses and 7 off-campus programs scattered around the province with a total enrollment of over 22,000. The university has just recently celebrated its centennial year in 2008. For details about the University, please visit

Established in 1906, UNP is the first and oldest state university in Northern Luzon, Philippines, and is one of three state-owned educational institutions of higher learning operating in the province of Ilocos Sur. For details, please visit the University website at

Dr Raymond Cheng explaining the blockchain technology for streamlining university operations

Dr Raymond Cheng receiving Certificate of Appreciation from NEUST-UNP officials

Dr Raymond Cheng speaks at the 7th International Higher Education Research Forum 2019 of Philippine Higher Education Research Consortium
Dr Raymond Cheng with Hon. Rodolfo C. Garcia, Undersecretary and Chief of Staff, Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Photo above: Dr Raymond Cheng with Hon Rodolfo C. Garcia, Undersecretary and Chief of Staff, Department of Environment and Natural Resources

The seven members of PHERC are: Marikina Polytechnic College, Philippine Normal University, Technological University of the Philippines, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Rizal Technological University, Eulogio Amang Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology, and Philippine State College of Aeronautics.

Quezon City, Philippines (August 27-29, 2019) – With the theme "The Future of Higher Education Research for Industry 4.0", the 7th International Higher Education Research Forum 2019 organized by the Philippine Higher Education Research Consortium was held at the Novotel Araneta Center in Cubao, Quezon City, Philippines. This year's forum has a line up of high calibre and seasoned speakers from around the world (including Dr Joselito B. Gutierrez, IHERF 2019 Chair and SUC President of Marikina Polytechnic College; Mr Hee Joh Liang, Deputy Principal of Singapore Polytechnic; Dr Hai Dai Nguyen, Co-founder of Wow Bali Group Inc., Indonesia; as well as Dr Raymond Cheng, CEO of Wyith Institute™). More than 500 academicians, mostly in the field of research, witnessed the englightening speeches by the speakers, participated in the thought-provoking Open Floor Forum (see photo below), and presented their scholarly papers as well. Dr Cheng tackled the application of blockchains in various research, teaching opportunities, as well as management and administration in higher education, wherein his expertise and invaluable insights were once again wholeheartedly shared to the audience.

IHREF 2019 Open Floor Forum

The Philippine Higher Education Research Consortium (PHERC) is a research organization managed by seven state universities and colleges in the Manila capital region. IHERF 2019 is a forum organized by PHERC and one that aims to promote, strengthen and mainstream research outputs of higher education institutions in various fields of disciplines and to provide a venue for sharing and discussing research issues, concerns, and output in a scholarly and friendly environment.

This event is endorsed by the Commission for Higher Education (CHED) as well as the Philippine Association of State Universities and Colleges (PASUC).

Wyith CEO named Honorary Advisor for HERO Summit Series
Parañaque, Philippines (August 19, 2019) – In preparation for the 2nd year of a five-year HERO Summit Series (2018-2022) to be held in October 2019 in Ottawa, Canada, a meeting of the Board of Advisers and the prime movers of the Summit was held at Solaire Resort and Casino in Manila, Philippines. Dr Bryce Fabro, the Chairman of the HERO Summit Series invited and welcomed Dr Raymond Cheng, CEO of Wyith Institute™, to become Honorary Adviser for the 2nd HERO Summit. Describing Dr Cheng as the brain behind the HERO Summit Series concept, Dr Fabro emphasized again the important contribution of Dr Cheng as the think tank of the Summit and that the HERO Summit Series wouldn't be possible without his insights and ideas. The meeting also highlighted a ceremonial signing of letters of acceptance by the consultants and advisers as pledge of support to all HERO undertakings and future activities. Dr Cheng was the Keynote Speaker for the 1st HERO Summit held in August 2018, in Singapore.

Founded in 2018 in Singapore, the HERO Summit Series is a platform that brings together universities, industries and solution providers. The Series trail blazes new opportunities for its members and create an essential engagement to address university brand ranking, in preparation for the 4th industrial revolution and the development of programs to improve the employability skills of graduates. For further details about HERO Summit Series, please visit

HERO Summit Series Board of Directors and Advisors

HERO Summit Series

Wyith Institute™ and University of the Assumption enters into Memorandum of Agreement

Maingate of University of the Assumption

UA students at the Computer Lab

UA professors and teaching staff members

University of the Assumption Logo
San Fernando, Philippines (June 27, 2019) – Committing itself to the integral development of Catholic leaders through academic excellence, Christian formation, and community service, the University of the Assumption (UA) from San Fernando, Philippines announced a collaboration with Wyith Institute™ from Hong Kong that will bring quality education to students from around Asia, starting with the Greater China region, Vietnam, as well as India. Initially, six undergraduate degree programmes will be launched and offered in the first stage of the collaboration, which include the following:
  • BS in Business Administration with majors in Operations Management or in Marketing Management,
  • BS in Psychology,
  • Bachelor in Human Services,
  • Bachelor in Elementary Education,
  • Bachelor in Secondary Education, and
  • AB in Communication.

The collaboration, bounded in the form of a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA), was signed by Rev Fr Joselito Henson, SThD, University President of UA and Dr Raymond Cheng, CEO of Wyith Institute™.

The MoA signing was simple but solemn and was witnessed by officials from both UA and Wyith Institute™, including from UA: Dr Dexter Balajadia (Director for Linkages and International Relations), Dr Mediatriz D Martin (Vice-President for Academic Affairs), Mrs Belina S Katigbak (Vice-President for Finance), Mrs Leila Luz Caballa (Director of Guidance and Admissions), Mrs Precious Bernadette Estrada (Director of Student Affairs Office), Dr Arnel Sicat (Director of Research and Planning), and Ms Khriselle Castillo (Quality Management Officer); and from Wyith Institute™: Ms. Irene Macapagal (Head of Research Support), see photo above.

Founded in 1963 as the Assumption College, the University of the Assumption (UA) is a private archdiocesan Catholic university in the City of San Fernando, Philippines. The college was granted University status by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports and was named University of the Assumption on March 29, 1980. For further details about UA, please visit

Dr Raymond Cheng welcomes Ms. Zamantha Finn from La Finns Scholastica Colleges, La Union, Philippines Hong Kong (June 10, 2019) – Ms. Zamantha Finn, Vice President for Admnistration (second from right in photo) of La Finns Scholastica Colleges, La Union, Philippines, led a delegation and visited the Office of Dr Raymond Cheng at Wyith Institute™. Together with Dr Raymond Cheng, the two parties exchanged views and explored into various possibilities of offering overseas studying opportunities to students in the Province of La Union. The two parties have agreed to work toward a mutual goal in making international education more affordable and accessible to the people of La Union.

Founded as the La Union College of Nursing on May 16, 2003, the La Finns Scholastica Colleges (renamed to current name in 2012) is the home to thousands of students in the Province of La Union, Philippines. La Finns offers 9 baccalaureate degree programs, 16 short term courses under TESDA, i.e. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, basic education program, pre-elementary, elementary, junior highschool, and senior highschool programs, all with government recognition. For further details about the College, please visit

Dr Raymond Cheng supporting UA Outreach Program 2019

Fr Raymond Mi holding Sunday Mass on the 5th Easter Sunday

Sr Marissa Figueroa leading a prayer

Dr Dexter Balajadia emceeing the event

Dean Anele Mallari giving a talk on stress management

Dr Joey Suba addressing the participants

Dr Arnel Sicat talked about happiness

Wyith-UA Collaboration Team

Participants at Wyith-UA Outreach Program
Stanley, Hong Kong (May 19, 2019) – Further to entering into an active collaboration in late 2018 in education and research undertaking with the University of the Assumption (UA) of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines, a first outreach program was eventually held at Stanley Community Hall. Through the joint efforts and dedication of both the Wyith Institute™ and UA, a one-day event was held aiming at reaching out to the overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) in Hong Kong to individually assess their health and mental status while giving proper counseling on how they can positively cope up with day-to-day stressors, aggravated by living away from their loved ones in the Philippines. In additional to lectures, forums and focus group discussions, participants also enjoyed free blood glucose screening, blood pressure and vital signs checking. Different activities were held to promote spiritual and health awareness among OFWs.

Rev Fr Raymond Mi, a Dominican priest, celebrated the Holy Mass while Sr Marissa Figueroa, UA-CEO Director of the UA Extension Office, provided spiritual activities and facilitated the reflection sessions. Registered nurse, UA-CONP Dean Anele Mallari, lectured on wellness and stress management and led as well the body mass index measurement, blood-pressure taking, and blood sugar testing which was given free of charge to the OFWs. UA-RPO Director, Dr Arnel Sicat facilitated a focus group discussion (FGD) centered on eliciting perceptions of the OFWs about wellness. Ms Precious Bernadette Estrada, UA OSA Director, also took the opportunity to present the most recent developments in UA and gave a rundown of its mission and vision. UA-CITCLS Dean, Dr Joey M. Suba coordinated the entire event with Dr Dexter Balajadia.

Dr Raymond Cheng with Fr Raymond Mi and volunteer workers

The entire outreach program was made possible through Wyith Institute™ (via Wyith Community, a registered NGO) as Wyith provided for free both the venue in Hong Kong as well as the related logistic services.

Founded in 1963 as the Assumption College, the University of the Assumption (UA) is a private archdiocesan Catholic university in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines and in Asia. The college was granted University status by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports and was named University of the Assumption on March 29, 1980. UA celebrated her 50th founding anniversary on January 13, 2013. For details about UA, please visit

Dr Raymond Cheng speaks at the 17th General Assembly 2019 of PSITE Region 3
Angeles City, Philippines (May 10, 2019) – Sponsored by the Philippine Society of Information Technology Educators - Region 3 (PSITE R3), a Regional Conference on Information Technology and the 17th General Assembly was held at Best Western Hotel in Balibago, Angeles City, Pampanga. A line-up of high-caliber speakers and experts in the field of IT and IT education highlighted the two-day activity.

Together with Dr Raymond Cheng, CEO of Wyith Institute™, a number of other high profile guest speakers were present, including Dr Monchito Ibrahim, the Former Secretary of the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT), Dr Grace Tyler from the Philippine Startup Community Champion, and also the Vice President of PSITE R3, Engr Dennis Dela Cruz, from DOST BulSU.

Dr Cheng presented the outlook of blockchain from the perspective of IT curriculum before an audience consisting of IT professionals, practitioners, mentors and those engaged in various IT businesses. The event wrapped up with raffle draws as well as oath taking sessions of newly elected officers. For details, please visit the PSITE3 website at

Dr Raymond Cheng with Former Undersecretary of DICT, Monchito Ibrahim
Dr Raymond Cheng with organizers and participants at PSITE3 General Assembly

Dr Raymond Cheng invited to IRCITE 2019 Seminar Tour in Metro Clark
Angeles City, Philippines (March 1-4, 2019) – Dr Raymond Cheng's first Seminar Tour for 2019 successfully completed from March 1st to 4th, 2019. The first in the Seminar Tour was the International Research Conference on Information Technology Education 2019 spearheaded by the Philippine Society of IT Educators in Region 3 (PSITE 3), the Central Luzon Region, and co-sponsored by the Mabalacat City Colleges. Dr Raymond Cheng was invited as Plenary Speaker by Dr Joey Suba, PSITE 3 President and Dean of the College of Computing Technology of the University of the Assumption.

With a number of attendees reaching to almost 1,000 IT students from both private and public higher education institutions in Region 3, Dr Cheng once again shared his knowledge and expertise in the Institute's current research work on the applications of the latest theories on noticing and eye-tracking technologies as well as on the Institute's upcoming offer of its online Professional Diploma (PDip) in Noticing & Tracking Technology, through the Institute's patent-backed digital coin, BCR@W. Dr Cheng also wrapped up the day by highlighting the importance of blockcahin and cryptocurrency in the future world of IT education and digital credentialing.

In the afternoon of the same day, Dr Raymond Cheng, in high energy and spirit, wowed the crowd of IT students from Mabalacat City College. This time, focusing on global trends and cryptocurrency. The group was led by the Dean of IT, Mr George Granados.

The third in the Seminar Tour was sponsored by AMA University (AMA Computer College) Angeles City Campus, this time with the Dean of IT, Mr Jonilo Mababa. It was held at the AMA Angeles City Campus, and was attended by faculty, staff and students.

For the above series of seminars, Dr Raymond Cheng never failed to bring the house down not just by sharing valuable insights and relevant issues, but by setting a lighter mood through his approachable persona, coupled with diverse experiences and expertise. Participants were also given the opportunity to tap into the vast blockchain network of unlimited opportunities when the seminars ended with the awarding of USD343.75-worth of Bankcoin Reserve at Wyith (BCR@Ws) to each participant.

Truly, the Seminar Tour 2019 concluded with a bang!

Being the nation's largest professional IT organization, the Philippine Society of Information Technology Educators (PSITE) was established to promote quality information technology education and aims to serve as a venue for the optimization and development of faculty members, curricula, projects, research resources and linkages in support of improving IT education. With more than 85 institutional members, PSITE Region 3 is one of the most active PSITE chapters in the nation. PSITE, hosting from time to time, major educational technology conventions and conferences. For details, please visit the official PSITE3 website at

Dr Raymond Cheng meeting with Dr Joey Suba, Dean of the College of Computing Sciences and Communications Technology of University of the Assumption and Dr Roberto Dillon, Associate Professor of James Cook University in Singapore

Dr Raymond Cheng with Mr George Granados (2nd from left), Secretary of PSITE3 and Dean of Mabalacat City College, and MCC students

Dr Raymond Cheng with participants at IRCITE 2019

Dr Raymond Cheng with participants at IRCITE 2019

Dr Raymond Cheng with Mr Jonilo Mababa (right), Dean of the AMA Computer College in Angeles City, and Mr Art Cayabyab (1st left), and Ms Irene Macapagal, Head of Research Support of Wyith Institute™

Dr Raymond Cheng conducting a seminar on Business Glocalization
			at Central Luzon State University 2016

Above: Dr Raymond Cheng with approximately 2,000 undergraduate business students participating in his seminar at Central Luzon State University, Muñoz, Philippines, September 30, 2016.

Sections: Home | About | News | People | Programmes | Bankcoin | Contact

Wesleyan University Philippines Online Degrees

Doctor of Education (EdD) in Educational Management

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Business Administration

Master of Business Administration (MBA)

  Tuition and Fees | Scholarships

Anglia Ruskin University UK Online Top-up Degrees

Master of Business Administration (MBA)

Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Management

  Tuition and Fees | Scholarships

LIKE the Wyith Institute™'s new Facebook page!

You can also click this link:

Bankcoin Reserve (BCR) recipients please remember to register for and claim your new BCR@W coins below.

Register here now!

Our upcoming seminar on Bankcoin Reserve via Wyith (BCR@W):

Upcoming Seminars on BCR@W and Blockchain in 2020

November 2019 in Cabanatuan City, Philippines

The first cryptocurrency backed by nine Australian patents, Bankcoin Reserve via Wyith (BCR@W) was instituted to provide the Bankcoin community with an AML/KYC-compliant digital asset that is both secure and maintains a stable pricing mechanism. The price of 1 BCR@W is pegged against the current highest resistance gold oz price since March 2014, i.e. USD1,375.00. Self-regulated and complying with both national and international regulations, the BCR@W allows various business to be conducted on the basis of not just a secure and reliable platform but also a relatively stable price.

Response to the CoVID19 pandemic

Owing to the current CoVID-19 pandemic, Bankcoin seminars previously scheduled in Manila (February), Hong Kong (March), and Guangzhou, China (May) have all been cancelled. We shall announce updates regarding upcoming seminars as soon as the pandemic subsides. We at Wyith Institute™ wish you all safe and healthy amid the pandemic and our prayers are with the frontliners. May God bless us all.

Previous Bankcoin Reserve (BCR@W) Seminars

The previous Blockchain and Bankcoin Reserve (BCR@W) seminars were held at:

  1. Changi Cove Hotel, Changi, Singapore, August 27, 2018
  2. Crown Legacy Hotel in Baguio, Philippines, September 28, 2018
  3. JJDG Auditorium, Wesleyan University-Philippines, October 27, 2018
  4. Aziza Paradise Hotel, Puerto Princesa City in Palawan, Philippines, December 8, 2018
  5. Royce Hotel & Casino, Metro Clark, Philippines, March 1, 2019
  6. Best Western Hotel, Angeles City, Philippines, May 10, 2019
  7. Novotel Manila Araneta Center, Manila, Philippines, August 28, 2019
During these seminars we had very different types of participants and they are either professors, university faculty members, business professionals or graduate students from various disciplines and fields eager in understanding how the new blockchain technology could help and possibly revolutionize their fields and what the Bankcoin Reserve at Wyith could do for them. Participants are not only interested in the current cryptocurrency market and its trends but are also very well focused toward the value of holding a patent-backed crytocurrency like the BCR@W. To know how you can be among the first to hold a Bankcoin Reserve via Wyith (BCR@W), email us at

Recent and upcoming publications:

Review of eyewear design and brand development: From culture to collocation to market exploration

R Cheng (2018)
Journal of Hong Kong Optical Manufacturers Association, Issue 2018 (February), pp.20-23

This paper provides a convenient review of how concepts on the glocalization of markets could possibly help eyewear manufacturers in Hong Kong to widen their scope in the exploration of new markets otherwise hidden from mainstream designers. The paper starts with reviewing previous literature on glocalization from various different angles and continued with looking at practical, real-life examples of how different local cultures around the world has interacted with the meaning of the eyewear and its design (and vice versa) and how these interactions have either hindered the market or could have been applied to create new markets for eyewear.
  ENVIRONMENT & SOCIETY   Water saving versus public opinion
R Cheng, FCK Wong & M Ma (2017)
Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Infrastructure Asset Management (INFRAASSETS3), held on October 30-31, 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

This paper utilized the data recorded from the Hong Kong Tuen Mun Highway Green Roof Project (covering some 14,000 square meters – the largest green roof project in Asia completed in 2013, see above photo from contractor) in which driplines were installed (with solar wireless automatic irrigation system) and the respective water consumption was monitored for a period of 29 consecutive months. In order to understand the actual public response of the project, the paper combined corpus linguistics methods with engineering techniques to help us understand the difference between the response (in terms of public acceptance) from the perspective of corporate citizenship and the engineering facts (in terms of the actual water saving) from the angle of the pragmatic green-city conservationist.
  INFRASTRUCTURE   Infrastructure asset management review of tall residential buildings of major cities: Chicago, Hong Kong, and Singapore
R Cheng & I Ng (2017)
Journal of Built Environment, Technology and Engineering, Volume 3 (September), pp.130-172

There is only one residential skyscraper within China's top 100 tallest buildings in the crowded 24-million-population city of Shanghai, China (and eleven residential skyscrapers among the 134 tallest buildings, i.e. those taller than 150 metres), whereas there are comparatively a lot more skyscrapers used for residential purposes in equally densely populated cities like Hong Kong, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and, of course, Chicago and New York. This paper, hence, looked, from a historical perspective, how the development of tall buildings in Chicago, Hong Kong and Singapore have evolved to become what we see today. How does the tall building development history of a city help forge the people's view in terms of living in skyscrapers? Would such help provide explanations and hints as to the future development of skyscrapers in the other cities like Shanghai?
  MARKETS & CONSUMER BEHAVIOR   Country-of-origin, brand image, and brand loyalty of branded drugs in Ho Chi Ming City, Vietnam
R Cheng, LT Hong-Loan & LH Nguyen (2017)
Journal of Education & Social Science, Volume 7 (June), Issue 1, pp.228-243

While there has been numerous previous empirical studies investigating into a product's country-of-origin (COO) and its relationship with various factors, including but not limited to brand loyalty, brand awareness and perceived quality, etc., the findings were often inconsistent (Kaynak & Kara, 2000). This is especially true when it comes to the pharmaceutical industry in which the importance of COO seems to depend on the type medicine studied and its use in addition to the usual factors for other non-medicine products (say, perceived quality, product evaluations other than quality, affect, and purchase intentions). This paper aims to look at the pharmaceutical market of Vietnam by studying the people's brand awareness, brand loyalty, perceived quality and preferences toward COO of branded drugs available in the Ho Chi Ming City. Results show that Vietnamese, unlike Americans (as in Quelch's (1997) Aspirin experiment), tend to be biased by COO more than by brands, implying a very different market than some of its Asian neighbors.
  CRIMINAL JUSTICE   A second perspective on the sustained anti-corruption strategy in Hong Kong: A historical review
R Cheng (2017)
Journal of Education & Social Science, Volume 7 (June), Issue 1, pp.219-227
Over the years, Hong Kong has built up a clean culture and is recognized as one of the role models for fighting corruption. Syndicated and petty corruption in the public sector has become a thing of the past and irregularities in the private sector have been reduced substantially (Li, 2001). There has been radical change in the culture too, "from tolerance of corruption to clear rejection" (Chui, 2000). In fact, some of the main reasons for Hong Kong's success include (a) the creation of the unimpeachable anti-corruption agency in 1974, the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) which was established with a well-planned long-term strategy that uses a three-pronged attack on corruption via investigation, prevention and education; (b) the attention to all corruption reports; and (c) the ability to maintain confidentiality (de Speville, 1999). In addition, though compelled by public criticism, the recognition of corruption as a real problem by the then British colonial government in Hong Kong and its subsequent commitment to solving it also constituted a major factor of success (Quah, 2004). This "commitment", however, is not just one single policy or legislation, but is a whole range of various complicated administrative policies, legal initiatives, and financial tactics applied consistently and strategically over a long period of time hence effectively creating an environment "suitable for fighting corruption." In this paper, we shall review from a new strategic viewpoint the "passive commitments" of the Hong Kong colonial government in terms of (a) the local economic and social statistics for a 25-year period spanning 1967 thru 1992 and (b) the behavioral patterns and theories of people. We shall also relate the above to see how these had possibly and indirectly contributed to make corruption a low gain and high risk crime and how these had fostered the effectiveness of the corresponding legislations and helped the work of the local anti-corruption agency. Last but not the least, the paper also made recommendations for the future enhancement for the current Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (HKSARG) in its ever on-going combat against corruption by means of using the findings.
  QUALITY RESEARCH TRENDS   Quality research and cultural trends: Is there a cultural pattern that favors service quality research?
R Cheng & C Wong (2017)
International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, Volume 12 (April), Issue 3, pp.1-10

Witell, Lofgren and Dahlgaard (2013) summarized and described the time periods for quality-related researches into three noticeable phases of development, namely, Emergence (1984-1999), Exploration (2000-2008), and Explosion (2009-2012). Such a finding aligns logically with the world cultural values taken from the Inglehart-Welzel cultural map from 1981 to 2015 during which various regions of the world, in general, were all moving away from survival values and have become more self-expressive as the world economy transformed itself from industrial to post-industrial economy (Kenney, 2010, p.215). In fact, more and more researches published during the 'Explosion' period (2009-2012) were geared toward researching into intangible services – which were found to be essential in the modern, post-industrial economics system (Andrii, 2015). This paper, hence, attempted to look at such a trend to see if there are any differences between countries that are 'strong in service quality research' (or 'SERVQUAL' research) and those that are not through determining the differences between the Pearson's correlation coefficients of Hofstede's cultural dimension values (1994; 1997; 2001; 2010) for the list of top 10 countries producing the highest number of service quality related researches as per the research of Wang et al. (2015) and that of all the 70 countries studied by Hofstede. The study revealed that differences in cultural dimensions do exist and that being strong in SERVQUAL research does not necessarily mean having weak (large power distance) or dependent (collectivistic) customers.
  LEADERSHIP & SOCIAL MEDIA   Social networks and the evolution of leadership theories in the technical environment
R Cheng & W Tang (2017)
Southeast Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law, Volume 12 (April), Issue 3 (Economics), pp.9-17

Historically, major over-investment bubbles and their subsequent crashes often bring about profound socioeconomic changes. Leadership style also evolved so as to adopt to such change, from the Great Man Theory (Dobbins & Platz, 1986) to Leader-member Relations (LMX)(Duchon, Green & Taber, 1986). Peer-to-peer technology further expanded the scalability of the already rapidly growing computer networks (Nguyen, 2008) and fostered the adaptation of team work in the technical environment. This paper attempts to look at the evolution of social networks from the early 1980s to the present day along with the evolution of leadership theories over the last 20 years. It is found that there are striking similarities between leadership theories in the technical environment and the advancement of social networks.
  LANGUAGE & SOCIETY   Journal paper review: "A corpus driven study of the potential for vocabulary learning through watching movies" - From incidental vocabulary learning to social development
R Cheng, R Reyes-Moralde & I Ng (2017)
Journal of Education & Social Science, Volume 6 (February), Issue 2, pp.251-262

This review paper attempts to justify and investigate from a different perspective the postulate that there is potential for significant incidental vocabulary learning by watching movies regularly over time. Our paper revealed that such a valuable and incidental learning experience could in fact be slowly fading as our forthcoming generations may no longer appreciate or become unaware of the very moments of those ad hoc, instant and intuitive learning experiences that were once known to the many past generations as incidental and natural as the newer generation's attention span shortens. Those who would, on the contrary, generally come from less developed or developing countries where contact with the English-speaking world is relatively limited.
  FREEDOM OF SPEECH   What does the Inglehart-Welzel cultural map tell us about the freedom of Hong Kong?
R Cheng, AH Yau & S Ho (2016)
Southeast Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law, Volume 11 (December), Issue 3 (Economics), pp.8-15
Hong Kong's press freedom score has been declining over the last 10 years, from #28 in 2005 to some #41 in 2015. Some attributed this to the 'rapidly narrowing' space for free speech since the city was returned to China in 1997. By qualitatively looking at previous landmark court cases and high profile rulings related to areas like the freedom of assembly, freedom of expression, and the right of abode, this review paper attempts to find out if the Inglehart-Welzel cultural values (recorded over the last 20 years) could help explain the current situation in Hong Kong and what insights, via this new perspective, could possibly be derived.
  PRODUCTION QUALITY   How product attributes affect KPI: A case study of a 500-worker metal stamping factory in People's Republic of China
R Cheng & P Li (2016)
International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, Volume 11 (December), Issue 2, pp.16-25
Decoene and Bruggeman (2006) suggested the use of balanced scorecard to help align business strategy with managers' motivation in measuring performance yet such an idea could only work for large enterprises because 'substantial barriers to strategic performance management' do exist for SMEs (Hudson, Smart, & Bourne, 2001) and that 'actionable knowledge' could be hard to acquire when performance for SMEs in itself can already be difficult to measure (Meyer, 2005). This paper, hence, proposed measuring a list of standardized and easy-to-measure KPIs as well as some simple attributes of the products to see if there is any relationship between them. Data were recorded from a relatively small-scale, traditional 500-worker metal stamping factory in China over a period of 9 months (involving 98 shipments of approximately 250,000 pieces of finished products). The results showed that product attributes such as size, complexity (and hence allocation of manpower and production time), pricing and order types (e.g. new vs. repeat orders, urgency of order, etc.) could affect various standard KPIs like defect rates, yield losses, productivity, worker efficiency, etc.
  PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION   A historical review of administrative thoughts from a cultural perspective
R Cheng & I Macapagal (2016)
International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, Volume 11 (December), Issue 3, pp.19-26

Administrative thought is always in a state of continuous change, evolution and adaptation as it has to 'grow' to 'catch up' with the society together with its ever-changing challenges. Dwight Waldo, the prominent American academic figure in public administration, argued in 1947 that the then current administrative theories and thoughts actually grew and evolved since the industrial revolution from the nineteenth-century (McCurdy & Rosenbloom, 2006, p.207). As the society developed from one that was generally moral-based which depended heavily on farming, that is, an agrarian society, to an industrialized nation, productivity of human beings were reorganized and a wide range of resources was redistributed on such an enormous scale never seen before and therefore corresponding updates and changes of organizational bureaucracy in the management of people and production was therefore required. But did these really contributed solely to the evolution of administrative thoughts? This review paper aims to provide an alternative historical review of the core administrative thoughts since the time of Woodrow Wilson to the heterodoxy (circa 1970) of public administration from the feminine and the media cultural perspective – perspectives that most literature review on the subject seems to have ignored.
  VOTING BEHAVIOR   Voters versus the corpus of fictional President of the United States
R Cheng (2015)
Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (JSSH), Volume 23, July 2015 (Special Issue), pp.85-112, Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Voting behaviour changes over time and voters today are no longer loyal to traditional 'political brands'. This paper, hence, try to explore, through constructing 'action corpora' using novels, movies and TV dramas from the last 50 years (1960-2012) relating to fictional US presidents to see what the mass media have been conveying to the public subconsciously over time. How did the powerful media bias right before elections could have caused vote swings?
  ENVIRONMENT & SOCIETY   Too much water or too few drops?
R Cheng & M Ma (2015)
Proceedings of the 10th Asia Pacific Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Technologies (APCSEET), July 2-5, 2015, University of Seoul, Republic of Korea
This paper studied and recorded the actual implementation of the Hong Kong Tuen Mun Highway Green Roof Project in which some 14,000 square meters of greenroof was installed along the Tuen Mun Highway in Hong Kong. The project was the largest green roof project in Asia (as of 2013) and its respective water consumption, temperatures recorded above and beneath the greenroof was monitored for a period of 36 consecutive months and its effectiveness was discussed.
  LANGUAGE & BUSINESS   Business pragmatics: Why are we being polite?
R Cheng (2015)
International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, Volume 6 (April), Issue 2, pp.27-32

Politeness in business has become more of a forced phenomenon of mutual concession, a pragmatic means to an end, or even a new form of reciprocal comity resulting from the inevitable mutual co-existence and quests for sustainability of nations, let alone international trade and relations. But when did politeness escape from the self and evolved to become a business phenomenon?
  NUTRITION   Caffeine in pre-packaged tea leaves: A food labelling concern
C Wong, R Cheng & H Man (2014)
Journal of Hong Kong Institute of Medical Laboratory Sciences (HKIMLS) 2013-2014, Volume 14, Issue 1 & 2, pp.59-70
This paper aims to determine the caffeine content of prepackaged brands of tea leaves available in the market via the HPLC-PDA method. Prepackaged tea leaves including white, black, oolong, green and pu-erh were examined. Using the Agilent TC-C18 column, caffeine contents in the tea leaves were studied via reversed-phase HPLC with a wavelength setting of 280 nm. Samples were isocratically eluted with a mobile phase consisting of 1% acetic acid and acetonitrile in the ratio of 8:2 with a flow rate of 1.0mL/min. Extraction of caffeine in boiling water was performed to mimic the real-life situation of tea drinking. Results showed that the caffeine content we found ranged from 13mg/g (or 13,000ppm) to 38mg/g (or 38,000ppm), way beyond the 200ppm US FDA regulatory standard.

Read more from our new archive:

Click on this link to access the Wyith Institute™ news center section. The section is an archive of our press releases since 2013 up to the present day.

Home | About The Institute | News | Our People | Our Programmes | Bankcoin (BCR@W) | Contact The Institute

Visit the Wyith Institute™ Official Facebook Page and the associated non-profit society of Wyith Community (in Chinese)

Copyright 1992-2020. Wyith LLC & Wyith Ltd dba Wyith Institute™. All rights reserved.

This site is best viewed with Chrome or Firefox using a minimum of 1280x1080 16M color-depth resolution.

PHOTO CREDITS • Amanda Rohde (Big smile), Andres Rodriguez (Corporate buildings in blue tones), Anthony Ladd (Jess) (see Programmes section), Ayaaz Rattansi (Blank flowing film strip 2), Bjorn Kindler (Abstract lights), Brad Ralph (Activate2) (see About The Institute section), Brad Ralph (Activate3) (see About The Institute section), Brad Ralph (Hipsters 3), Bruce Livingstone (Abstract), Can Stock Photo 460542 (Happy group with blank banner and thumbs up), Can Stock Photo 3459442 (Faces of smiling multi-racial college students), Can Stock Photo 7065682 (Prison guard or policeman), Can Stock Photo 8840696 (Student posing with her books), Can Stock Photo 12628862 (Calculator: How much can you afford or save) (see Programmes section), Can Stock Photo 35017342 (Payment Plan) (see Programmes section), Can Stock Photo 43805296 (Top view of happy young group with thumbs up) (see Contact Us section), Can Stock Photo 57655204 (focalpoint) (Blockchain), Clay Blackburn (Hot Air Rainbow) (see News Arhive link), Daniel Tang (Hot switch), David Elfstrom (Photographer 2-of-4) (see News Centre section), Dreamstime Inc (Antique sky) (see News Arhive link), Duncan Walker (Boy Playing Chess 2, EauClaire Media (Headset lady), Fanelie Rosier (Giving a Call), Floyd Anderson (Add text here 2), Gleb Tarasenko (Ann) (see News Arhive link), Heiko Potthoff (A thumbs up sign), Image Dictionary: In the Bio Lab (DI63-043), James Pauls (Summer Blonde Female Portraits), Jean Schweitzer (Children expressions), Image DJ Image Dictionary (In the Bio Lab and Machinery), Karen Grieve (Candles2) (see News Archive link), Kramikel (Weird blue eye) (see News Archive link), Lise Gagne (2 young woman), Lise Gagne (3 friends looking at camera), Lise Gagne (4 friends waiting), Lise Gagne (Looking Sideways) (see Programmes section), Lise Gagne (Team 01), Lise Gagne (Team 02), Lise Gagne (We are seeking people like you), Maartje van Caspel (3D Honeycomb) (see News Centre section), Marko Roeper (Led #4), Martin Molenkamp (Desktop), Pavel Losevsky (People in 3d-glasses watches film), Per Poulsen (Almost perfect), Rafal Dudziec (Busy downtown street), Robert Churchill (Asia), Roel Dillen (Angels soul), Serge Kozak (Snail on the rocks), Tobias Ott (Critical Girl) (see News Archive link)